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Grasslands as a bird habitat

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Chapter Summary

Grassland bird 'communities' are composed of a mixture of species that require a certain openness. Bird species can be assigned to certain habitat types based on their selection of breeding or feeding habitat at a certain point of their annual life cycle, despite of the relatively wide range of habitats they may use. Steppic grasslands hold 43 priority species, wet grasslands 40, montane grasslands 37, and pastoral woodlands 24. 79 priority species, are associated with sown and fertilized grasslands habitats. Of this, 34 also occur in arable-dominated landscapes. All species with a preference for arable land also occur in grasslands. This chapter focuses on the management of farmed grasslands. Managing the timing and spatial pattern of mowing is essential to ensure sufficient reproductive success of ground nesting birds. The chapter discusses the progress that has been made towards the designation of key sites for grassland birds in the European Union.

Keywords: bird feeding habitat; Europe grassland bird communities



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