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Large wetlands of the Biebrza Valley, Poland

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Chapter Summary

The Biebrza river valley is one of the largest European high value wetlands that remain in good ecological condition. The dominating wetland type is fen with types including groundwater-fed mire. Other high value habitats include meadows and pastures on wet and mesic sites. Most of the meadows in the valley which occur within the park on wet peat soils, are inaccessible for ordinary agricultural machinery. The growing competition on the agricultural market has forced further intensification of agriculture on the land around the park, leading to the establishment of large-area farms, further specialization of production and an increase of maize cultivation and silage production. The important measures of the Rural Development Programmes from a nature conservation point of view are the Agri-Environmental schemes, support for Less Favoured Areas (LFA) and the farm advisory measures for improvement of the environmental knowledge and awareness among farmers.

Keywords: agri-environmental schemes; Biebrza river valley; European high value wetlands; Less Favoured Areas (LFA); Rural Development Programmes



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