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Dune grasslands of the Belgian coast

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Chapter Summary

The Belgian coastal dunes are located in north-western Belgium in the province of West-Flanders, along the North Sea. The climate of the Belgian coast is oceanic - mean annual temperature of ca 10°C, mean number of days of frost of 45 days, mean maximum temperature of 22°C in the month of July, mean annual precipitation of 750-800 mm. The dunes consist of a mosaic of bare sand, White Sea front dunes covered with Ammophila arenaria, dry, moderately moist and wet grasslands, pioneer vegetation, marsh vegetation and dwarf scrub vegetation in dune valleys, thorny shrub and initial dune forests. The ecosystem vision for the Belgian coast concretises the approach for the different dune complexes of the Belgian coast. The theory of nearly natural units, accompanied natural units, semi-natural units and multifunctional units is the reference frame for the individual areas. For each dune area, a management plan has been established.

Keywords: Belgian coastal dunes grasslands; West-Flanders; White sea



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