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The White Carpathian wild flower grasslands, Czech Republic

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Chapter Summary

The White Carpathian wild flower grasslands are species rich. Numbers of vascular plant species amount to 70 in an area of 1.5 × 1.5 m and up to 103 in an area of 24 m2, although only a portion of plants flower. They include rare plant species, which includes a total of 24 orchid species. The analyses from the Czech National Phytosociological Database show that 6 semi-dry to mesic grassland communities can be distinguished. The largest area is covered by semi-natural semi-dry grasslands. In addition, hay-meadows, dry meadows and pastures, and species-rich Nardus grasslands are distinguished. Finally, semi-ruderal grasslands are found in places that have been fertilized on arable land by sowing species-poor seed mixtures. In addition, nine types of wet grassland and marsh vegetation have been defined, covering small areas at sites along streams or in places where landslips have created wet conditions.

Keywords: Czech national phytosociological database; Nardus grasslands; semi-dry grasslands; White Carpathian wild flower grasslands



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