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Polonynas – highlands pastures in the Ukrainian Carpathians

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Chapter Summary

Polonynas in the Ukrainian part of the Eastern Carpathian Mountains are named specific high-mountain grassland landscapes, developed above the upper forest limit, within the altitudinal range of 1200 and 2000 meters. Traditionally polonynas were used as pastures; the floristic composition of these grassland areas depends upon the influence of men and their domesticated animals. This chapter distinguishes five climatic-vegetation belts in the Ukrainian Carpathians: the submontane belt; the beech forests belt; the spruce forests belt; the subalpine belt and the alpine belt. The polonynas in the Ukrainian part of the Eastern Carpathians form the specific landscape above the upper forest limit. Natural and semi-natural highland grasslands in the Ukrainian Carpathians cover a total territory of about 970,000 ha. The mountainous grasslands have been influenced mainly by a non-regulated regime of grazing and mowing and to a lesser degree, by fertilization and use of pesticides, under the former socialist collective-farming system.

Keywords: highland grasslands; polonynas; socialist collective-farming system; Ukrainian Carpathians

10.1163/9789004278103_023
/content/books/b9789004278103s023
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