Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Polonynas – highlands pastures in the Ukrainian Carpathians

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

Polonynas in the Ukrainian part of the Eastern Carpathian Mountains are named specific high-mountain grassland landscapes, developed above the upper forest limit, within the altitudinal range of 1200 and 2000 meters. Traditionally polonynas were used as pastures; the floristic composition of these grassland areas depends upon the influence of men and their domesticated animals. This chapter distinguishes five climatic-vegetation belts in the Ukrainian Carpathians: the submontane belt; the beech forests belt; the spruce forests belt; the subalpine belt and the alpine belt. The polonynas in the Ukrainian part of the Eastern Carpathians form the specific landscape above the upper forest limit. Natural and semi-natural highland grasslands in the Ukrainian Carpathians cover a total territory of about 970,000 ha. The mountainous grasslands have been influenced mainly by a non-regulated regime of grazing and mowing and to a lesser degree, by fertilization and use of pesticides, under the former socialist collective-farming system.

Keywords: highland grasslands; polonynas; socialist collective-farming system; Ukrainian Carpathians



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Grasslands in Europe — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation