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The grasslands of the Dobrogea, Romania

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Chapter Summary

This chapter describes the dry grassland vegetation of the Dobrogea region, which is significant for the Steppe and Pontic bio-geographical zones of Romania. Romania is covered by five bio-geographical zones: Continental, Pannonian, Alpine, Steppic and Pontic. Natural and semi-natural grasslands in Romania form a group of habitat types for the diversity of plants and other organisms. Grasslands cover about 14% of the Romanian territory. Of the more than 4000 species and subspecies of higher plants of Romania 60% are associated with grasslands: alpine and subalpine grasslands, mountain pastures and meadows, psammophile, halophile and xerophile steppe, sandy dry grasslands, continental halophilous swards and rush meadows. Between 2000 and 2003, a semi-natural grassland mapping project was developed in Romania to develop the classification system to identify the existing grassland diversity in Romania, to evaluate their deterioration, vulnerability, conservation value and to develop management recommendations, accessible for governmental conservation bodies and scientists.

Keywords: Dobrogea dry grassland vegetation; Romania; semi-natural grassland mapping project



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