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The grasslands of the Apuseni Mountains, Romania

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Chapter Summary

The Apuseni Mountains possess a wide range of mountain grassland types that have a natural and aesthetic value. In this traditional cultural landscape, small-scale farming structure and a traditional system of land use exist. Landscapes change with the prevailing socio-economic and social framework conditions. An inter- and trans-disciplinary, project, known as 'Project Apuseni' studied the land use system, vegetation, landscape patterns and their actual changes within the process of societal transformation, and predicted the future outlook for the Apuseni Mountains, which are located in north-western Romania and cover an area of ca. 11,000 km. The actual state of species and landscape diversity is high in the whole area of the Apuseni Mountains and results from traditional and extensive management practices. Within the Project Apuseni, land use scenarios, the future alternatives for grassland management and the opportunities and risks in the context of nature conservation and agriculture were evaluated.

Keywords: Apuseni mountains grassland; Romania; small-scale farming structure



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