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Synoptic view of the steppe vegetation of Central Anatolia, Turkey

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Chapter Summary

Turkey has a rich flora and a diversity of vegetation types. One of the important vegetation types of Turkey is steppe, which is a feature in Central Anatolia but it also extends towards East and South-east Anatolia. The Central Anatolian steppe developed as the result of the destruction of the primary forest vegetation by humans, especially through grazing and intensive agricultural activities. Central Anatolia is surrounded by mountains. Two major types of Mediterranean climate are dominant. In the South an arid cold Mediterranean climate can be distinguished, while in the North a semi-arid, cold and in some places very cold Mediterranean climate exists. In the northern parts of the Central Anatolia, the Mediterranean flora is well represented. In the south, the disturbance of the vegetation increases and the climate becomes more arid. Astragalo-Brometea is widespread in inner parts of Central Anatolia and its surroundings, and shows "plain steppe" characteristics.

Keywords: Astragalo-Brometea; Central Anatolia steppe vegetation; Mediterranean climate



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