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9 Le basileion, les reines et Actium

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Chapter Summary

In Eastern Macedonia, the city of Amphipolis inaugurated its coinage by providing the bareheaded Octavian, and on the reverse Artemis Tauropolos sitting sideways on a leaping bull, arms raised to stretch a billowing sail. Showing the main goddess of the city under a directly inherited diagram of Hellenistic coinage, such a reverse type would be most banal if a crown formed of a horned disc surmounted by two feathers, obviously a basileion, is not added to the head of the animal. The author wonders if the emblem of Artemis Tauropolos would rather not carry a specific ideological message, linked to the victory of Octavian at Actium. This assumption raises the question of the various connotations conferred on the crown before and after Actium. For the test, this chapter considers other certifications of basileion, and draws up a sort of cultural biography. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: Actium; Artemis Tauropolos; basileion; coinage; Octavian



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