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2 Le « parler plurilingue » comme lieu d’émergence de variétés de contact

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Chapter Summary

An ancient representation is to design linguistic boundaries as lines in the ground that separate neighboring language groups in political entities, historical and demographic clear consistent. In such a model, a variety of contact represents a new language system resulting from a momentary transgression such borders, or even a mixture of the respective languages. This chapter proposes a different approach. It starts from the fact that the language groups progressively intermingle and more and more people are developing plurilingual repertoires. Very often these people put out simultaneously in several varieties in forms to speak multilingual. It is in the latter that what we call 'languages' meet and where varieties contact emerge. Language is undoubtedly a major factor of cohesion and social discrimination. This is due to its dual function as a symbol of social identity, but above all as the very place of its construction.

Keywords: multilingual mode; language groups; plurilingual repertoires; linguistic boundaries

10.1163/9789004279056_004
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