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Hekhalot Zutarti

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Chapter Summary

Hekhalot Zutarti is in all likelihood the oldest Hekhalot text. It is a composite collection of several short Merkavah-passages, many of which are in Aramaic. Jonas Greenfield, who undertook a linguistic study of the Hebrew and Aramaic sections of the book, inclines to locate the texts in Eretz-Yisrael, most probably in the second or third century C.E. This chapter concurs with Scholem's view, which regards Hekhalot Zutarti as representing the Merkavah lore of the Tannaitic, possibly early Amoraic era. The composite nature of the text and its linguistic and textual problems pose special difficulties for the scholar. The chapter discusses the text in as much as one see that it contains sections relevant to the discussion of the Hekhalot literature in general. A central place in Hekhalot Zutarti is occupied by the story of the four who entered the Pardes.

Keywords: Aramaic; Hebrew; Hekhalot Zutarti



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