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The Unexecuted Plans for the Eradication of Jewish Heresy in the Hispanic Monarchy and the Example of the Moriscos: The Thwarted Expulsion of the Judeoconversos

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Chapter Summary

The banishment of about 300,000 Moriscos from Spain was a political decision which had a social impact of enormous dimensions. With the start of the reign of Philip III, the position of the new government with regard to the Portuguese New Christians changed significantly. During the first half of the reign, between the years 1598 and 1607, Philip III devoted some time to listening to and attending the petitions of the New Christians. On 23rd May 1629 and in the symbolic Portuguese location (Tomar) began a Junta which brought together the prelates of the realm. After several months of debate at the Convent of Christ in the town of Tomar, the leading authorities of the Portuguese church reached an agreement. In their conclusions they asked the king for the Expulsion of all New Christians who were enteros or complete as the best way of eradicating Jewish heresy from Portugal.

Keywords: Convent of Christ; Jewish heresy; Moriscos; Philip III; political decision; Portuguese New Christians; Spain; Tomar

10.1163/9789004279353_009
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