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Operators for Definition by Paraphrase

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Chapter Summary

In research, definitions by paraphrase are used as a clue to lexical-semantic primitives and compositional patterns, even when the paraphrases are felt to approximate. The semantic rules that are used are function application, variable binding, and function application after binding of the world variable for the argument, so-called intensional function application, which applies at the higher VP node. This chapter reworks the procedure of scoping method, using type-raising operators in place of syntactic scoping. The goal is to tie the combinatory syntax of defined word with the derived semantics, and to derive that semantics completely mechanically. This is done with cross-categorial operators that are employed uniformly. It is possible to think of the lexical entries that are derived by the scoping method syntactically, as providing a syntactically structured lexical entry for the target word that is in a certain way parallel to the syntax and compositional semantics of the paraphrase.

Keywords: lexical-semantic primitives; paraphrase; scoping method; type-raising operators



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