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Chapter Summary

This chapter reviews possible forms of vocatives and proposes a syntactic structure that offers the author's basis for interpretation. The most typical form of vocative phrases is proper names. The chapter discusses Predelli's analysis of vocatives and introduces some basic notions to interpret indirect and free indirect discourse, based on Eckardt, Schlenker and Sharvit. It assumes that the vocative not only conveys a property of the addressee of the utterance, but also implicates that the literal content of the utterance is intended as a message by the speaker to that specific addressee. This implicature is trivially met in direct speech situations. It is however necessarily false in passages of indirect speech or thought, no matter whom the interacting parties happen to be. Finally, the chapter proposes possible extensions to other constructions that are prohibited in indirect speech.

Keywords: free indirect discourse; indirect speech; Predelli's analysis; syntactic structure; vocative phrases



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