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Chapter Summary

This is the introductory chapter of the book Pre-Greek, which discusses that the substrate language of Greek will be called 'Pre-Greek'; this is a translation of the German term 'das Vorgriechische'. No written texts exist in this language, but it is known from a considerable number of loanwords in Greek. The study of Pre-Greek has had an unfortunate history. In the past century, it was called 'Pelasgian' and considered a dialect of Indo-European. This idea fascinated scholars, and research concentrated on this proposal. Furnée's book 'Die wichtigsten konsonantischen Erscheinungen des Vorgriechischen', was an elaboration of Kuiper's 1956 study on Greek substrate words, which opened a new chapter in the research of the field. Furnée rejected the Pelasgian theory too. A Greek word is often called a loan from an Anatolian language, while it may just as well have been borrowed from the Pre-Greek substrate.

Keywords: Anatolian language; das Vorgriechische; Furnée's book; Indo-European; Kuiper; Pelasgian theory; Pre-Greek



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