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Chapter Summary

Voiceless, voiced and aspirated stops may interchange in Pre-Greek words, without any apparent conditioning factors. This fact shows that voice and aspiration were not distinctive features in Pre-Greek. On the other hand, the Linear B signs (graphemes) for rjo, rja and tja show that palatalization probably was distinctive. In Pre-Greek words, one can find some sounds or clusters that are rare in PIE words. Pre-Greek had a prothetic vowel. Furnée's conclusion was that 'Pre-Greek' was a non-Indo-European language, with no recognizable cognates. This implies that the phonemic system may have been different from that of Indo-European. The vowels show many variants. This chapter discusses them in the order a, e, o; within each of these first the short vowel, then the diphthongs, then the long vowel (and the long diphthongs, but these hardly occur) are treated. Sometimes, words show a vowel that is absent in nearly identical forms.

Keywords: diphthongs; Linear B signs; non-Indo-European language; Pre-Greek words; prothetic vowel



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