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The Unity of Pre-Greek

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Chapter Summary

The material itself shows that we are largely dealing with one language, or a group of closely related dialects or languages. Of course, we cannot demonstrate in each and every case that the words that are non-Greek belong to this same language. The bulk of the known non-Greek words, however, seem to fit the general picture of the Pre-Greek substrate. Other languages may well have existed in the area. Thus, it is not certain that Hieroglyphic Minoan reproduces the same language as Linear A. Further, Eteocretan has not yet been connected with other elements and seems isolated. Another matter is that (non-Indo-European) loanwords from old Europe may have entered Greece, cf. Beekes (2000). The author thinks that it is methodologically more sound to start from the assumption that non-Greek words are Pre-Greek.

Keywords: cf. Beekes (2000); dialects; Eteocretan; Hieroglyphic Minoan; non-Greek words; Pre-Greek substrate

10.1163/9789004279445_005
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