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3 Militia philosophorum : Le rôle des lettrés dans l’entourage des empereurs romains du iv e siècle

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents an overview on the role of scholars in the entourage of the Roman emperors of the fourth century. It discusses the summary of the Roman Empire of the fourth century: an imperial power exercised through writing, through offices whose leaders are recruited from among the best students. In sum, the operation of an Empire, both ideologically and administratively, is provided by scholars, experts in calligraphy as vocabulary and grammar and rhetoric. The chapter discusses the culture of emperors. The fourth century is, without a doubt, the golden age of imperial panegyrics. Therefore it is noted that doctors and medical writers are enjoyed by the emperors of the same consideration as the rhetoricians in the fourth century. Language plays a crucial role in the exercise of power in Roman Empire. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: grammar; rhetoric; imperial panegyrics



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