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3. Baptism by Snow: The Ottoman Experience of Winter Warfare During the First World War

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on a particular aspect of the Ottoman participation in the war, i.e. the experience of the fighting man in winter warfare. It focuses on individuals to investigate the factors that shaped the experience of snow and ice during the war. The encounters of the men of the Ottoman Third Army in the Caucasus and the 15th Army Corps in Galicia, both of which fought against the Russian army, albeit under different structural conditions such as geographical features, transportation and accommodation logistics, availability and quality of equipment, and access to allies' support, are studied by making use of diaries and memoirs from the front line. The chapter compares the experiences in these two fronts, and offers commentary on the factors shaping winter warfare experience during the First World War from an Ottoman vantage.

Keywords: Caucasus; First World War; Galicia; Ottoman Third Army; winter warfare



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