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18. War between Allies: Polish and Ukrainian Intellectuals 1914–1923

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Chapter Summary

This chapter investigates the political, cultural and scientific dimensions of Polish-Ukrainian relations both during and immediately after the war. Both Polish and Ukrainian political activists saw the First World War as an opportunity to improve their international position, if not by gaining full independence then by renegotiating the status of territories inhabited by Poles and Ukrainians. In the case of Poland, whilst there were significant political factions supporting both the Central Powers and the Entente, a pro-Austrian, and then pro-German orientation clearly prevailed, at least up to the political crisis in Summer 1917. Ukrainian politicians were restricted in their choices of an ally due to the fact that Russia denied the very existence of the Ukrainian nationality. The domination of active adherents to the Central Powers lasted until the declaration of the creation of the Kingdom of Poland in November 1916.

Keywords: First World War; German; Polish political activists; Russia; Ukrainian political activists



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