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12 The Role of the Imperial Palaces in the Urbanization Process of Istanbul, 1856–1909

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Chapter Summary

This chapter shows how the construction of imperial palaces during the second half of the nineteenth century was a part of the Ottoman sultan's plan for the expansion, renovation and renewal of Istanbul. The palatial architecture itself, contemporary Ottoman documents housed at the Prime Minister's Archives in Istanbul, and both Western travelogues as well as Ottoman diaries serve as the primary sources. These sources shed light on various historical reasons that motivated the construction of the imperial palaces and provide information about their functions within the urban landscape. Arnodin's proposal in 1900 included an urban expansion plan that impacted both shores of the Bosporus. Arnodin, who worked as an engineer for "Compagnie Internationale de Chemin de Fer de Bosphore", planned a circular railroad line that would connect both sides of the strait and encircle all of Istanbul's neighborhoods.

Keywords: Arnodin; Bosporus; imperial palaces; Istanbul; Ottoman sultan; urban expansion plan



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