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Complex Predicates

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the structure of three types of complex predicate in Prinmi. The first type relates to verb concatenation and it is referred to as the 'double-verb predicate'. Two important issues, causativity and complementation, are also studied in the chapter. Prinmi verbs can appear side by side to form one complex predicate. This is referred to as a 'verb serialization' in the literature. The double-verb predicate can be classified according to valence of the verbs involved. Four kinds of combinations are found in the available data: bivalent-plus-trivalent, bivalent-plus-bivalent, bivalent-plus-monovalent, and monovalent-plus-monovalent. Like many languages, Prinmi exploits a variety of devices for expressing causation. All three typological types identified in Song are found in the language. These are the COMPACT type, the AND type, and the PURP type. The comparative complement is syntactically rather simple. It may contain a noun, a pronoun, or occasionally a verb.

Keywords: causativity; comparative complement; complex predicate; Prinmi verbs; verb serialization



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