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Information Structure

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Chapter Summary

This conclusion focuses on the study of information structure of Prinmi. Lambrecht and Gundel lay out the fundamental concepts of 'focus' and 'topic', respectively. The chapter discusses various types of focus structure in Prinmi. Gundel's definition of topic has been adopted for identifying the topic-comment construction, which facilitates analysis of topic comment in a variety of complex sentences. Lambrecht emphasizes that the pragmatic relation of focus must be kept distinct from the grammatical realization of focus in a sentence. Three major types of focus structure are distinguished according to different syntactic domains of the focus in a sentence. These are, from the narrowest to the broadest: NP focus, Predicate focus, and Sentence focus. The focus-presupposition construction is used to introduce a focus related to presupposed information in discourse context. The topic-comment construction is used pervasively in Prinmi, reflecting unmarkedness of predicate focus in information structure.

Keywords: Gundel; information structure; Lambrecht; predicate; Prinmi

10.1163/9789004279773_013
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