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Chapter Six Hazardous Substances and the Baltic Sea

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Chapter Summary

The Helsinki Commission for the Protection of the Baltic Sea Environment (HELCOM) has been researching and analysing sources of pollution in the Baltic Sea for thirty years. Combating pollution in a marine area such as the Baltic Sea involves both eradicating and limiting input of hazardous substances both from the past and the present. But stopping the further disposal of hazardous substances in the sea, in the opinion of many, has the higher priority. The substances in the Baltic do not include nuclear materials to any significant degree. The loads of hazardous substances have been reduced considerably over past twenty to thirty years; their concentrations, however, remain up to twenty times higher than in the North Atlantic. Eradication of some of hazardous substances has been successful. The serious environmental problems in the Baltic Sea are closely related to political and economic situations at the local level.

Keywords: Baltic Sea; economic situations; environmental problems; Hazardous Substances; HELCOM



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