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Latin and the Vernacular between Humanism and Calvinism. The Leiden University Discourse and the Crisis of 1618

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Chapter Summary

The submission of the Act of Remonstrance shows that the irenicist Calvinists were in favor of strong governmental direction of Church. At least in the eyes of orthodox Calvinists, or Counter-Remonstrants, this meant that Remonstrantism entailed a questionable association with strong governmental influence in Church matters, peace with Spain, religious tolerance, and humanist studies. In his Renaissance Self-Fashioning, Stephen Greenblatt shows how individuals and their personalities are shaped by their culture, how these individuals reflect their culture in their works, as well as how they comment upon their surroundings and as such exert influence on their culture. The conflict between Remonstrants and Counter-Remonstrants occasioned intensified interest in the Bible and even more in the Christian tradition and the Church fathers. The antique and pagan imagery contrasted too strongly with the intellectual world of Calvinism. Nevertheless, it was inevitable that the humanist discourse would have to yield to the Calvinist one.

Keywords: calvinism; counter-remonstrants; humanism; remonstrants; renaissance; self-fashioning



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