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4 The Historical taqwīm in Muslim East

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Chapter Summary

The historical texts composed in taqwīm form almost always combine tables with historical narrative. In the fourteenth century, one finds not only historical taqwīm but also other types of texts adopting this form of presentation. Abū l-Fidāʾ in his Taqwīm al-buldān clearly draws inspiration from the zīj to assist his reader in locating the cities and regions mentioned in the tables with the help of the mathematical and physical information. Among the historical works of the Mongol and Timurid periods, there are two special books (Shuʿab-i panjgāna, Muʿizz al-ansāb) containing the genealogical history of the "Golden family" of Genghis Khan. The Shuʿab-i panjgāna is bilingual, names are written in both Arabic and Uyghur script. The historical taqwīm developed most notably in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, in a contact zone between Turks, Persians and Syriac Christians.

Keywords: Genghis Khan; historical taqwīm; Persians; Shuʿab-i panjgāna; Syriac Christians; Turks; Uyghur script; zīj



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