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Historical Setting

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents the history of Rayy through written sources and numismatic data, reviewed in the light of new archaeological data and of the in-depth study directed on topography and survey. A detailed history of the town of Rayy is still little developed. Minorsky's entry 'Rayy'; in the Encyclopédie de l'Islam (1994, 487-489) provides a historical overview still useful for historical sources. The first occupations in the late Neolithic period. Modern commentary on historic sources presents the Islamic conquest of Rayy as occurring over a period of several years. In comparison with the preceding and following periods, the Umayyad period at Rayy remains the least known. It was only towards the end of the Umayyad period, when the ʿAbbāsid propaganda supporting their claim to the caliphate began to make itself felt, that Islam affirmed itself in the Bilād al-Ğibāl as a social and ideological reality.

Keywords: ʿAbbāsid; Bilād al-Ğibāl; history of Rayy; Minorsky'; Neolithic period; Umayyad period



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