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10 To Commemorate or Not: The Finnish Labor Movement and the Memory of the Civil War in the Interwar Period

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Chapter Summary

The Finnish labor movement suffered heavy losses in the Civil War and especially in its aftermath. After the war, it was under the strict control of the White regime. However, the first steps in its revival were taken already in late spring of 1918. In some municipalities, the labor associations were able to start their activities properly during the fall, and some of them managed to participate in the municipal elections in December 1918. Success in the parliamentary elections in early March 1919, the social democrats won 80 seats out of 200, was strong encouragement for the working people, and the work of the labor movement became more efficient as arrested members were released from POW camps, publication of the labor newspapers became possible, labor associations re-established control of the Workers' Halls during the spring of 1919, and martial law ended in June 1919.

Keywords: Civil War; Finnish labor movement; martial law; White regime



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