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4 The Effect of Depositional and Post-Depositional Processes on the Preservation of Skeletal Remains in the Bodzia Cemetery

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Chapter Summary

The archaeological site Bodzia is located in the South Baltic Lake District, which was formed by the processes associated with the Vistulian glaciation. The eastern slope is associated with the extensive Vistula Valley. The stratigraphy of the site comprises a record of the various processes responsible for the formation of the deposits, including those connected with changes in the natural stratigraphy resulting from human activities. Post-depositional processes can affect the natural stratigraphy of the archaeological site, as well as the evidence left behind by the funeral rite, which archaeologists attempt to reconstruct based on the graves. Analysis of burial pits, bone material, and burial equipment showed extreme deterioration of bones. Among post-depositional processes that decomposed the skeletal material, the leaching of calcium carbonates played the greatest role. Bioturbation was also found not to have had a significant effect on the spatial translocation of the grave assemblages.

Keywords: bioturbation; Bodzia; burial pits; post-depositional processes; Vistula Valley

10.1163/9789004281325_006
/content/books/b9789004281325_006
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