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6 Analysis of the Skeletal Population from the Cemetery of Bodzia

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Chapter Summary

The retrieved bone material is assumed to be representative for the whole cemetery of Bodzia used by the small local human population. Among the 52 analyzed skeletons, 14 were considered to be males, and 21 females. Of these, 14 skeletons belonged to children and young individuals and 3 most probably belonged to adults but too poorly and fragmentarily preserved to allow identification of sex. The shortage of burials of the youngest children may be explained by the use of rites which leave no archaeological traces or burying children in a different and so far undiscovered place. The observed pathological changes in the human bones from the cemetery at Bodzia are the most frequently observed signs of diseases in sub-fossil materials and also in other medieval skeletal populations from Polish lands. The bone material from Bodzia should be undoubtedly subjected to more detailed analyses, especially the chemical and molecular ones.

Keywords: Bodzia cemetery; bone material; chemical analysis; molecular analysis; pathological changes; skeletal populations; sub-fossil materials



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