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1 Introduction: The State of Current Research on the Banat between the 10th and the 14th Century

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Chapter Summary

This introductory chapter of the book The Mortuary Archaeology of the Medieval Banat (10th-14th Centuries) discusses that, as part of the archaeological research conducted on the territory of Banat, the study of cemeteries dated to the 10th-14th centuries is particularly significant. One of the main expressions of the cultural nationalism promoted in Hungary during the second half of the 19th century was an explosion of archaeological studies dedicated to at that time recently excavated cemeteries dated to the 10th-11th centuries, some of which had been found in the lowlands of the Banat. The archaeological activity in the Romanian Banat after 1945 focused especially on the highlands, which were increasingly regarded as an area into which the native, Romanian population fled when the Magyars arrived. The blending of cultures and the biological mix of populations was also a subject much discussed by Romanian archaeologists.

Keywords: archaeological research; cultural nationalism; Hungary; Magyars; Romanian Banat



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