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2 The History of the Banat between the 10th and the 14th Century According to the Written Sources

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Chapter Summary

The history of the Banat in the Middle Ages (10th to 14th century) is known from several written sources, which provide important information on social and administrative structures, as well on various ethnic groups. In addition, those sources shed some light on the religious practices in the region. It is generally believed that in the aftermath of the collapse of the Avar Khaganate, following the Frankish victories, the Banat was ruled by Bulgars. The next important episode in the history of the Banat is a mention in the Gesta Hungarorum of a polity led by a duke named G(a)lad. One of the thorny issues concerning the religious developments in the 10th century is the mission of Hierotheos in Tourkia, and the establishment in the mid-10th century of a bishopric under the jurisdiction of the patriarch in Constantinople.

Keywords: Avar Khaganate; Banat; Bulgars; Constantinople; Frankish victories; Gesta Hungarorum; religious practices; Tourkia



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