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4 Grave Good Typology

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents a typology of the grave goods found in the Banat and dated between the 10th and the 14th century. It follows the general lines of the typology published in 2008, modified and improved on the basis of new archaeological finds. Grave goods were made by József Hampel, who dealt with the Carpathian Basin in its entirety. Various categories of artifacts have been studied in the context of broader studies pertaining to medieval Hungary, the northern or northwestern Balkans, or the territory of present-day Romania. The chapter divided grave goods into several categories, such as personal adornments, dress accessories, horse gear, weapons, tools and utensils, and then added such categories as bone, metal artifacts, funerary furniture, containers, food offerings, and coins. The main reason for building this typology was to obtain chronological markers. It used formal analogies, combination of artifacts in closed finds, and coin-dating.

Keywords: archaeological finds; artifacts; Carpathian Basin; categories-personal adornments; chronological markers; dress accessories; grave goods; horse gear; József Hampel; typology



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