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5 Burial Horizons in the Medieval Banat

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Chapter Summary

This chapter starts from the premise that every cemetery has been used for a relatively long period of time, in any case, for more than a generation. In some of them, there may be more characteristic features than in others, depending on the religious factors that influenced any given community over time. That community may sometimes be ethnically and religiously heterogeneous. This explains why some cemeteries may display elements typical for more than one burial horizon. The main characteristics of the "steppe horizon" in the Banat are basically the same as those identified for the rest of the Carpathian Basin: deposition of horse bones and gear; the deposition of typically Oriental weapons; specific dress accessories. Several cemeteries of the first phase of the "Bjelo Brdo horizon" have also produced grave goods of a much earlier date.

Keywords: Bjelo Brdo horizon; Carpathian Basin; dress accessories; medieval Banat; oriental weapons; steppe horizon



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