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Astronomical Activity in Portugal in the Fourteenth Century

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Chapter Summary

Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, ms 3349, is a codex written in the first half of the fourteenth century, for the most part in Portuguese, containing a miscellaneous series of tables, texts and a copy of the Almanac of 1307. Back in 1932, the eminent scholar, Jaime Cortesão, called the manuscript "Almanaques Astronómicos de Madrid", but this characterization does not render justice to it, given its content as well as the fact that it has nothing to do with Madrid, except for being preserved in a library there at the present time. It is the only known evidence for astronomical activity in Portugal during the fourteenth century. In 1949, Millás briefly described the contents of this manuscript. One section of it has received closer attention, namely, that containing the Almanac of 1307, which is also extant in Latin, Catalan, Castilian, and Hebrew, in addition to this Portuguese version.

Keywords: astronomical activity; fourteenth century; Jaime Cortesão; Madrid; Portugal



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