Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

3 Invective

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

The experience of civil war may have encouraged Roman authors to re-examine their foundation legend and to question the positive value of competition. The foundation becomes an expression of political crisis: the imbalance created between collegiality and ambition escalates to political disaster. At the beginning of the second century and in response to the irregularities of office-holding during the second Punic War, the lex Villia annalis of 180 had set up specific minimum ages for the tenure of political office and specified a two-year interval between an individual's possession of the same magistracy. A public figure is called 'Romulus' on four occasions before the death of Caesar. Only once is this done by a contemporary, in Catullus' poem 29; the other examples appear in the pseudo-Sallustian invective against Cicero, Sallust's fragmentary speech of Lepidus in the Histories, and Plutarch's Life of Pompey.

Keywords: civil war; lex Villia annalis; Plutarch's Life of Pompey; pseudo-Sallustian invective; Romulus; second Punic War



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Legendary Rivals: Collegiality and Ambition in the Tales of Early Rome — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation