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Chapter Summary

In 44 BCE, Cicero compared Antony with his grandfather. Men like Antony problematized the actions of Rome's first leaders. Like Romulus, Brutus, and Camillus, Antony wanted power; depending on whom one asks, this power would be beneficial or disastrous for Rome. The end of the Republic did not mark the end of Republican heroes. The infant twins Romulus and Remus continued to appear sporadically in literature; so did founders such as Camillus or Brutus. Plutarch's biographies of Romulus and Camillus include their unfortunate rivals; late antique writers, too, show interest in those who failed as well as those who succeeded. The ideal of Republican government situated power in the laws and delegated that power to the consuls and other magistrates to ensure that the laws were maintained.

Keywords: Antony; Brutus; Camillus; Cicero; Plutarch's biographies; Republican government; Romulus



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