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wfp Burton and the Birth of Congolese Pentecostalism

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Chapter Summary

This chapter portrays the background and the birth of Pentecostalism from its very first missionary pioneers William F.P. Burton and James Salter, especially concentrating on the former, to the installation and consolidation of what became the source of this movement at Mwanza in Northern Katanga. If one were to ask the question what it was that drew the first Luba to embrace the Pentecostal missionary message there are a number of responses possible. The nation was going through a time of tremendous change when Burton and Salter arrived. Internal structures were being turned upside down with age old beliefs and religious worldviews being challenged. After Independence the churches and specifically the Pentecostal churches were a buffer between the demands of the regime and the people. Cultural differences always existed between the worldview of the missionaries and the Congolese but overall they were worked out because of mutual trust.

Keywords: Congolese Pentecostalism; James Salter; South Africa; William F.P. Burton



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