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Chapter Summary

Ṭodros Ṭodrosi was a contributor to one of the major developments in the history of Jewish scholarship: the great Hebrew translation movement of the thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries, in which Jewish scholars from southern France, Christian Spain, and Italy collected, copied, and translated a significant portion of the philosophical literature that existed in Arabic. Ṭodrosi produced Hebrew translations of Arabic works in the philosophical fields of physics, and metaphysics. Avicenna's Qānūn fī al-Ṭibb was popular among Hebrew readers, as suggested by the abundance of manuscripts featuring partial and full Hebrew versions of this work, only a small fraction of his philosophical writings was translated by medieval Hebrew translators. Ṭodrosi's Hebrew readers have been interested in Avicenna's position on the soul because of its significance in debates about immortality. Questions concerning the soul and its immortality became crucial importance with the diffusion of Aristotelian ideas within the Jewish community.

Keywords: Ṭodros Ṭodrosi; Aristotelian; Avicenna; France; Hebrew translation movement; Jewish community



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