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Ṭodros Ṭodrosi’s Hebrew Translation of Kitāb al-Najāt (Haẓalat ha-Nefesh), Section Two, Treatise Six: “On the Soul”

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Chapter Summary

Ṭodros Ṭodrosi's Hebrew translation of "On the Soul", the sixth and final treatise of section two, Physics, of Avicenna's Salvation, is extant in two Hebrew manuscripts: London, British Library, Ms. Add. 27559 ⟨890⟩; and Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Ms. hébreu 1023. The London manuscript dates from the fifteenth century and the Paris manuscript from the fifteenth or sixteenth century. Both are legible and written in a Spanish hand. In the apparatus, the London manuscript is assigned the letter "M" and the Paris manuscript "N". The author frequently compares Ṭodrosi's language to equivalent Hebrew phrases appearing mainly in a selected Jewish medieval philosophical works influenced, either directly or indirectly by Avicenna's concept of the soul. Finally, he presents Fazlur Rahman's English equivalents where this seems useful, along with other scholarly references, when available, to shed light on Ṭodrosi's departures from the Arabic and other aspects of his translation.

Keywords: Ṭodros Ṭodrosi; Avicenna; Fazlur Rahman; Hebrew translation of "On the Soul"



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