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Shem Ṭov ben Joseph Ibn Falaquera and Ṭodros Ṭodrosi: Two Translators of a Similar Text

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Chapter Summary

Shem Ṭov ben Joseph Ibn Falaquera, whose family origins lie in Spain, was a Jewish philosopher who was a prolific poet early in his career. In order to demonstrate the extent of Ṭodros Ṭodrosi's literalism, the author juxtaposes his translations with the relevant sections of Avicenna's psychology translated by Falaquera in Guide to the Guide and Book of the Soul. In his critical edition of Guide to the Guide, Yair Shiffman counts over forty quotations from Avicenna, taken primarily from The Cure and The Salvation. In Book of the Soul, Falaquera quotes and paraphrases from Avicenna's The Salvation, section two, treatise "On the Soul", also providing references from Avicenna's treatise on psychology. Falaquera and Ṭodrosi provide literal and generally accurate translations. Falaquera's style seems more fluent and elegant. Some of the compared passages suggest that whereas Ṭodrosi consistently follows the Arabic syntax, Falaquera is more flexible and nuanced.

Keywords: Ṭodros Ṭodrosi; Avicenna; Shem Ṭov ben Joseph Ibn Falaquera; Spain



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