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Avicenna’s Metaphysics in Ṭodros Ṭodrosi’s Incomplete Hebrew Translation of Kitāb al-Najāt, III

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Chapter Summary

The Metaphysics is the third and concluding section of Avicenna's The Salvation. Avicenna composed The Salvation shortly after completing The Cure, drawing for both on some of his earlier writings. Ṭodros Ṭodrosi's Hebrew translation contains a translation of the two treatises of the Metaphysics in The Salvation: a full translation of the first, that addresses the Absolute Being and its characteristics, as well as the forms, nature, and goal of existence, and an incomplete translation of the second and final treatise, that discusses the possible existent and the theory of the Necessary Existent. Based on the only two extant but quite similar manuscripts of the translation, it is difficult, at this stage of research, to determine whether the partial translation was intentional, or whether Ṭodrosi aimed to arrive at a complete rendering of the entire Metaphysics.

Keywords: Ṭodros Ṭodrosi; Avicenna's The Salvation; Metaphysics; Necessary Existent theory



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