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3 The Jews and the Law

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Chapter Summary

The exact status of Jews in the Roman state before and after the debacle of 70 CE has been controversial. Some scholars singled out the treaty signed between Judaea and Rome at the time of the Maccabees as the basis for the status of Jews in the Empire, including, of course, in Italy. Two main sources exist for Roman Jewry law as applied by the authorities to the Jews in the Roman Empire, and specifically in Italy: so-called literary ones, including pagan and Christian literature, which contain or mention decrees issued by the Roman senate and the rulers, or form the basis for legislation, and formal laws in one of the legal codices and their "appendages". The influence of Christianity as expressed in Christian literature on legislation in particular, such as polemics, hagiography, and the like, was considerable and manifest.

Keywords: Christianity; hagiography; Jews; Judaea; Roman Jewry law; Rome

10.1163/9789004282360_005
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