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Les chirurgiens, les barbiers

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Chapter Summary

Especially, with the focus on the paradigmatic character of Guy de Chauliac, the historiography forgot to be interested in surgeons and barbers who worked every day in the city of Montpellier. It was then stipulated that every person wishing to practice medicine in the city of Montpellier had to pass an examination with the masters of the University, the exercise of surgery remains free. In 14th century, there is certainly a Mediterranean tradition of scholastic surgery in which Montpellier has participated through doctors who made promotion of the surgery, but contrary to Italy, it was never recognized by university authorities, either in Paris, or in Montpellier. The examination of the statutory elements of the barbers and surgeons thus suggest an important practice of the surgery in the city, from the mid-thirteenth century, formed itself gradually to become more and more framed. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: barbers; Montpellier; scholastic surgery; surgeons; university authorities; University of Medicine

10.1163/9789004282445_005
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