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La peste et la lèpre: Deux préoccupations majeures du consulat

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Chapter Summary

The diseases such as leprosy and plague had been the subject of specific treaties and gave the opportunity of ample theoretical discussions within general treaties. While the leprosy had acquired Nosological identity in the 14th and 15th century, the plague remained dependent on its more general assimilation to abscesses. The exclusion of lepers is a recurring theme of medieval historiography. The hospital of Saint Lazarus or of Castelnau Bridge is one of the first hospitals to be established in Montpellier. The historiography of medieval plague gives rise to a number of controversies, among which two aspects will be worth considering here. If there are no relevant municipal sources for 14th century, it should indicate that the plague had aroused the interest of academics. In this chapter, the involvement of consulate of Montpellier in health organization of the city is seen. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: consulate; general treaties; health organization; leprosy; medieval historiography; medieval plague; Montpellier; Saint Lazarus hospital



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