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De Peccato Actuali

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Chapter Summary

This chapter considers briefly nature of actual sin and its causes and sorts. The effect of sin is two-fold: immediate, and distant. The immediate one is called the liability, and the distant one the punishment for sin. Some suitably locate the liability of every sin, thus also of actual sin, in two places: the liability of guilt, and the liability of punishment. The punishment that is owed for sins is two-fold, being either the pain of loss, or the pain of sense. The types of actual sin can be determined from a variety of situations: internal actual sin and external actual sin. Both sorts of sins are either 'reigning' or 'non-reigning' sins, a distinction that is drawn from Romans 6:14 and 17. The papal teachers divide forgivable sin into mortal and venial.

Keywords: actual sin; liability; mortal sin; punishment; Romans 17; venial sin



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