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Narrative Presentation

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Chapter Summary

This chapter is concerned with the presentation of the narrated events. De Jong distinguishes between experiencing and narrating focalization. The distinction made by Jong for first-person narratives may be applied to third-person narratives as well: a third-person will commonly narrate to his narrating focalization, but he could narrate as if he were an eyewitness or participant in the story. The distinction between narrating and experiencing focalization made by De Jong is similar to that between the diegetic versus mimetic mode made by Kroon, and between the displaced versus immediate diegetic mode made by Allan. The chapter talks about the narrating versus the experiencing mode. In the narrating mode the narrator looks back on or forward to events which happened earlier on the time-line; in the experiencing mode the narrator pretends to be in the world of the story, observing events as they take place.

Keywords: De Jong; focalization; narrative presentation



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