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3 Material and Translation: The Jewish Tradition and Fifteenth-Century Humanism

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Chapter Summary

The four glossaries included in MS Parm. 2666, although in different hands and in different sections of the manuscript, reveal a shared set of concerns and critical frameworks, all focused on Aristotelian thought, that are reflected in various ways in the other works that have been recorded in MS Parm. 2666. These glossaries may have been created not only to better understand a pre-existing philosophic text, but also to assist in the composition of new ones. These glossaries reflect the activity in translation and commentary that, according to Zonta, had by the fifteenth century created a veritable independent Hebrew branch of Christian scholasticism that was revived by both late Medieval Latin thought and the new literary current of humanism. The Romance definitions found in MS Parm. 2666 offer a glimpse of a fifteenth-century Jewish or converso copyist familiar with both the Judeo-Aristotelian tradition and with the Christian scholastic traditions.

Keywords: humanism; Jewish tradition; Judeo-Aristotelian tradition; MS Parm. 2666; Zonta



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