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3 Barons in the City

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Chapter Summary

Roman barons, called themselves 'baroni romani', were seen as Roman by the people of Rome, but they never wholly identified themselves with the city and they remained clearly separate from the civic nobility of Rome. In the first half of the fifteenth century, lords of castles aspire to become signori of towns and cities. In the collapse of Visconti power in the duchy of Milan after the death of Gian Galeazzo Visconti in 1402, Pietro Rossi saw an opportunity to make himself lord of Parma. His ambition thwarted by another member of the local landed nobility, Ottobuono Terzi. Braccio Fortebracci, lord of Montana near Perugia, one of the most renowned condottieri of his time, took Perugia, from which he was formally exiled along with other nobles, by force in 1416; it was only part of the extensive signoria he was carving out for himself in Umbria.

Keywords: Braccio Fortebracci; Gian Galeazzo Visconti; Ottobuono Terzi; Perugia; Pietro Rossi; Roman barons; Umbria

10.1163/9789004282766_004
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