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Appendix 1

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents a list of spiritual rewards relevant to the discussion of spiritual reward for participation in the crusades and its evolution in the institution of indulgences. Some of the spiritual rewards include Urban II (1088-1099), Paschal II (1099-1118), Gelasius II (1118-1119), Calixtus II (1119-1124), Honorius II (1124-1130), Innocent II (1130-1143), Eugenius III (1145-1153), Anastasius IV (1153-1154), Hadrian IV (1154-1159), Alexander III (1159-1181), Lucius III (1181-1185), Gregory VIII (1187), Clement III ( 1187-1191), Celestine III (1191-1198) and Innocent III (1198-1216).

Keywords: Alexander III; Clement III; crusade indulgence; Paschal II; spiritual reward



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